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List of Forest Medicine

Drug/Chemical

Action/Clinical Use

Plant Source

Acetyldigoxin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis lanata

Adoniside

Cardiotonic

Adonis vernalis

Aescin

Anti-inflammatory

Aesculus hippocastanum

Aesculetin

Anti-dysentery

Frazinus rhychophylla

Agrimophol

Anthelmintic

Agrimonia supatoria

Ajmalicine

Circulatory Disorders

Rauvolfia sepentina

Allantoin

Vulnerary

Several plants

Allyl isothiocyanate

Rubefacient

Brassica nigra

Anabesine

Skeletal muscle relaxant

Anabasis sphylla

Andrographolide

Baccillary dysentery

Andrographis paniculata

Anisodamine

Anticholinergic

Anisodus tanguticus

Anisodine

Anticholinergic

Anisodus tanguticus

Arecoline

Anthelmintic

Areca catechu

Asiaticoside

Vulnerary

Centella asiatica

Atropine

Anticholinergic

Atropa belladonna

Benzyl benzoate

Scabicide

Several plants

Berberine

Bacillary dysentery

Berberis vulgaris

Bergenin

Antitussive

Ardisia japonica

Betulinic acid

Anticancerous

Betula alba

Borneol

Antipyretic, analgesic, antiinflammatory

Several plants

Bromelain

Anti-inflammatory, proteolytic

Ananas comosus

Caffeine

CNS stimulant

Camellia sinensis

Camphor

Rubefacient

Cinnamomum camphora

Camptothecin

Anticancerous

Camptotheca acuminata

(+)-Catechin

Haemostatic

Potentilla fragarioides

Chymopapain

Proteolytic, mucolytic

Carica papaya

Cissampeline

Skeletal muscle relaxant

Cissampelos pareira

Cocaine

Local anaesthetic

Erythroxylum coca

Codeine

Analgesic, antitussive

Papaver somniferum

Colchiceine amide

Antitumor agent

Colchicum autumnale

Colchicine

Antitumor agent, anti-gout

Colchicum autumnale

Convallatoxin

Cardiotonic

Convallaria majalis

Curcumin

Choleretic

Curcuma longa

Cynarin

Choleretic

Cynara scolymus

Danthron

Laxative

Cassia species

Demecolcine

Antitumor agent

Colchicum autumnale

Deserpidine

Antihypertensive, tranquillizer

Rauvolfia canescens

Deslanoside

Cardiotonic

Digitalis lanata

L-Dopa

Anti-parkinsonism

Mucuna sp

Digitalin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea

Digitoxin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea

Digoxin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea

Emetine

Amoebicide, emetic

Cephaelis ipecacuanha

Ephedrine

Sympathomimetic, antihistamine

Ephedra sinica

Etoposide

Antitumor agent

Podophyllum peltatum

Galanthamine

Cholinesterase inhibitor

Lycoris squamigera

Gitalin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea

Glaucarubin

Amoebicide

Simarouba glauca

Glaucine

Antitussive

Glaucium flavum

Glasiovine

Antidepressant

Octea glaziovii

Glycyrrhizin

Sweetener, Addison's disease

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Gossypol

Male contraceptive

Gossypium species

Hemsleyadin

Bacillary dysentery

Hemsleya amabilis

Hesperidin

Capillary fragility

Citrus species

Hydrastine

Hemostatic, astringent

Hydrastis canadensis

Hyoscyamine

Anticholinergic

Hyoscyamus niger

Irinotecan

Anticancer, antitumor agent

Camptotheca acuminata

Kaibic acud

Ascaricide

Digenea simplex

Kawain

Tranquillizer

Piper methysticum

Kheltin

Bronchodilator

Ammi visaga

Lanatosides A, B, C

Cardiotonic

Digitalis lanata

Lapachol

Anticancer, antitumor

Tabebuia sp.

a-Lobeline

Smoking deterrant, respiratory stimulant

Lobelia inflata

Menthol

Rubefacient

Mentha species

Methyl salicylate

Rubefacient

Gaultheria procumbens

Monocrotaline

Antitumor agent (topical)

Crotalaria sessiliflora

Morphine

Analgesic

Papaver somniferum

Neoandrographolide

Dysentery

Andrographis paniculata

Nicotine

Insecticide

Nicotiana tabacum

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid

Antioxidant

Larrea divaricata

Noscapine

Antitussive

Papaver somniferum

Ouabain

Cardiotonic

Strophanthus gratus

Pachycarpine

Oxytocic

Sophora pschycarpa

Palmatine

Antipyretic, detoxicant

Coptis japonica

Papain

Proteolytic, mucolytic

Carica papaya

Papavarine

Smooth muscle relaxant

Papaver somniferum

Phyllodulcin

Sweetner

Hydrangea macrophylla

Physostigmine

Cholinesterase Inhibitor

Physostigma venenosum

Picrotoxin

Analeptic

Anamirta cocculus

Pilocarpine

Parasympathomimetic

Pilocarpus jaborandi

Pinitol

Expectorant

Several plants

Podophyllotoxin

Antitumor anticancer agent

Podophyllum peltatum

Protoveratrines A, B

Antihypertensives

Veratrum album

Pseudoephredrine*

Sympathomimetic

Ephedra sinica

Pseudoephedrine, nor-

Sympathomimetic

Ephedra sinica

Quinidine

Antiarrhythmic

Cinchona ledgeriana

Quinine

Antimalarial, antipyretic

Cinchona ledgeriana

Qulsqualic acid

Anthelmintic

Quisqualis indica

Rescinnamine

Antihypertensive, tranquillizer

Rauvolfia serpentina

Reserpine

Antihypertensive, tranquillizer

Rauvolfia serpentina

Rhomitoxin

Antihypertensive, tranquillizer

Rhododendron molle

Rorifone

Antitussive

Rorippa indica

Rotenone

Piscicide, Insecticide

Lonchocarpus nicou

Rotundine

Analagesic, sedative, traquillizer

Stephania sinica

Rutin

Capillary fragility

Citrus species

Salicin

Analgesic

Salix alba

Sanguinarine

Dental plaque inhibitor

Sanguinaria canadensis

Santonin

Ascaricide

Artemisia maritma

Scillarin A

Cardiotonic

Urginea maritima

Scopolamine

Sedative

Datura species

Sennosides A, B

Laxative

Cassia species

Silymarin

Antihepatotoxic

Silybum marianum

Sparteine

Oxytocic

Cytisus scoparius

Stevioside

Sweetner

Stevia rebaudiana

Strychnine

CNS stimulant

Strychnos nux-vomica

Taxol

Antitumor agent

Taxus brevifolia

Teniposide

Antitumor agent

Podophyllum peltatum

a-Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC)

Antiemetic, decrease occular tension

Cannabis sativa

Tetrahydropalmatine

Analgesic, sedative, traquillizer

Corydalis ambigua

Tetrandrine

Antihypertensive

Stephania tetrandra

Theobromine

Diuretic, vasodilator

Theobroma cacao

Theophylline

Diuretic, brochodilator

Theobroma cacao and others

Thymol

Antifungal (topical)

Thymus vulgaris

Topotecan

Antitumor, anticancer agent

Camptotheca acuminata

Trichosanthin

Abortifacient

Trichosanthes kirilowii

Tubocurarine

Skeletal muscle relaxant

Chondodendron tomentosum

Valapotriates

Sedative

Valeriana officinalis

Vasicine

Cerebral stimulant

Vinca minor

Vinblastine

Antitumor, Antileukemic agent

Catharanthus roseus

Vincristine

Antitumor, Antileukemic agent

Catharanthus roseus

Yohimbine

Aphrodisiac

Pausinystalia yohimbe

Yuanhuacine

Abortifacient

Daphne genkwa