The Huaoranis are an indigenes people of around 3.000 people, living in the Amazonian rainforest in the East of Ecuador. The Huaorani Territory is south of the village Coca. Official Coca is called Puerto Francisco de Orellana, after the Spanish Francisco de Orellana who started his Amazonian endeavor here on this very spot. He followed the rivers starting here on the Rio Napo all across South America through Ecuador, Perú and Brazil, all the way to the Atlantic ocean at the East-coast of Brazil.
They live scattered in their 700.000 hectare territory, together in bigger or smaller villages or families. In Coca a road made by the oil companies to enter the rainforest, called Via Auca leads south. The territory is almost in the middle divide by the via Auca, this is a road built by the oil companies.
Aucas means wild people; they used to call the Huaoranis “Aucas”. Something likes the Savages.
(By the way, there is an interesting book called the Savages, written by a journalist from the United States about the Huaoranis and their battle with the oil companies.)
Before outsiders came into the rainforest, the Huaoranis were a larger group. A part decided they wanted to have contact, another group decided they did not want to. They separated and disappeared deeper into the forest. They amongst them, divided again into two groups, the Tagaeri’s and the Taromenanes, named after their leaders Taga and Taromenga. Both groups still live uncontacted in the forest, in the East side of the Huaorani Territory and in Yasuni and further, which all used to be living area of the Huaoranis.